America’s biggest mall planned for Miami
Developers are proposing a massive 557,000 square-metre project on the edge of the Everglades in bustling South Florida that would dwarf any other shopping mecca in North America, including Minnesota’s Mall of America.
Miami-Dade County officials could vote this fall to approve it, despite some criticism that it will worsen the region’s already choking traffic problem and might produce mostly low-paying jobs. In general, malls across the US have been in a slow decline as shoppers flock to the internet.
Don Ghermezian, president of developer Triple Five Worldwide Group of Edmonton, Canada – which also built Mall of America – said this is not your father’s shopping mall. This place is not just about retail, the project would include an indoor ski slope, a water park, a submarine ride attraction, a skating rink, 2,000 hotel rooms, theatres, a performing arts centre and places to eat and drink.
The idea, Ghermezian said at a recent public hearing, is to give millions of residents and tourists in the Miami area a family-friendly alternative to Orlando attractions such as Disney World and Universal.
“We are not mall developers. That’s not what we’re trying to build,” he said. “A lot of it is ‘retail-tainment’. What we’re trying to create is an economic engine.”
Miami has trendy South Beach and miles of sunny beaches, the vibrant Wynwood arts district and the Everglades for nature lovers but has never had a major attraction like other Florida cities. There’s the Seaquarium with its 50-year-old orca, Lolita, and places such as Jungle Island, the zoo and Monkey Jungle. Yet no large theme parks have ever located here.
Triple Five predicts American Dream would draw 300,000 visitors a day and create about 14,500 permanent jobs. Politicians are lining up in support.
“World class cities have world class facilities,” said Dennis Moss, a Miami-Dade County commissioner. “All of the great things that we have going in this community, a huge disadvantage is we don’t have a lot of family entertainment and amusement activities. This is a game-changer.”
Many malls around the country are in decline. Faith Hope Consolo, chair of retail, marketing and sales at Douglas Elliman Real Estate in New York, said the retail world is “moving toward entertainment and creating experiences”. She said Triple Five’s plan in Miami has an excellent chance of succeeding.
“What’s on the way out are the tired strip malls that haven’t been updated in 30 years,” Consolo said. “What’s in are beautiful shopping complexes, entertainment destinations. What’s going to work in the future is the focus on experience, one-of-a-kind places where you want to go.”
Still, not everyone is convinced American Dream is a good idea.
It would be built at the confluence of two major highways – Interstate 75 and Florida’s Turnpike – that already are frequently choked with traffic. State planning officials have raised concerns about a massive increase in traffic without the road capacity to handle it, but have not suggested scrapping American Dream.
There are also plans by a separate developer, The Graham Companies, to build a 137-hectare project adjacent to American Dream that would include office space, retail and 2,000 apartments. Translation: more cars.
Estimates say the projects would create 70,000 new car trips per day.
Doug Travis Williams, who lives in South Miami, said he often sits in traffic two or three hours a day.
“We don’t have the infrastructure in place to do something like this. We can’t even get to where we need to get now,” he said.
Meryl Fixler, who works in the Doral area south of the project, said she’s not that worried about congestion and that existing malls have little attraction for children.
“I am tired of going to your malls and sitting in a little pit area and have nothing to do,” Fixler said.
There are also concerns that many of the jobs created will be relatively low-paying. Triple Five estimated that 60 per cent of the jobs would pay less than $US25,000 ($A33,868) a year.
Opal Jones, who lives in nearby Hialeah, thinks the economic impact outweighs traffic problems.
“This is a once in a lifetime opportunity that we should make every effort to make happen rather than finding ways to thwart it,” she said. “There are greater goods to consider in this situation.”